SNV Netherlands Job Vacancy: Research on Sanitation Supply Chain in West Sumatra (Padang Pariaman and Sijunjung) - Kerja Ngo

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SNV Netherlands Job Vacancy: Research on Sanitation Supply Chain in West Sumatra (Padang Pariaman and Sijunjung)

Term of Reference (ToR)

Research on Sanitation Supply Chain in West Sumatra (Padang Pariaman and Sijunjung)


SNV is an international not-for-profit development organization, working in 38 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. SNV specializes in supporting the resourcefulness of development actors by developing local capacities, improving performance and services, strengthening governance systems, helping to create access for excluded groups and by making markets work for the poor. Our global team of advisors use their specialist sector and change expertise in Agriculture, Renewable Energy and WASH to facilitate sustainable change in the livelihoods of millions of people living in poverty.

Voice for Change (V4C) Partnership Program
Open defecation is practiced by 20% of Indonesia's population. The rate goes up to 30% in rural areas and in some districts; it is as high as 60%. To tackle this problem, the national Government established the STBM programme in 2006. The STBM programme is a non-subsidized, behavior change driven, community wide sanitation approach. It constitutes the core of the national sanitation strategy and is to be implemented by Local Governments in all 508 districts of Indonesia. Where implemented, it has demonstrated sound and sustainable results. However, the scale of its implementation has been limited and so the country failed to halve open defecation and to achieve MDG 7 in 2015. Today, still 51 million Indonesians do not have access to a sanitation facility.

SNV is launching in 2016 a five year programme entitled Voice for Change Partnership (V4C). The programme will be implemented in six countries:
Burkina-Faso, Honduras, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda and Indonesia. In Indonesia, one of the topics that will be addressed through the programme are Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) specifically in sanitation sector. The V4C programme aligns with Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM) of the Indonesian governments and it will contribute for the achievement of the national target of 100% sanitation coverage by 2019 as well as to SDG 6, notably target 6.2 "Achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation & hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations by 2030". 

SNV Netherlands Development Organisation is starting up the V4C programme for WASH in four locations in Sumatra Barat and Lampung: Padang Pariaman, Sijunjung, Pringsewu and Lampung Selatan. Ministry of Health (MOH) leads the program in collaboration with Bappenas, Home Affairs (MOHA), Public Works (MPW) and Education (MOE). The V4C programme will have to provide evidence that highlights the importance of sanitation for human, environmental and economic development and that demonstrate the relevance and adequateness of the STBM programme to deliver sustainable and cost-efficient results in the above-mentioned locations.

The overall objective of this analysis is to systematically investigate supply and demand for sanitation products and services across the program locations in West Sumatra Province.

The specific objectives of the SSC analysis are as follows:

  • A comprehensive analysis of the current sanitation supply chain and the environment in which it operates, including input suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, transport service providers, masons and financial institutions.
  • A clear assessment of the current organizational and technical capacity of the actors engaged in the sanitation supply chain.
  • A list of available sanitation products and services by location, cost, characteristics and distribution channels.
  • A detailed and well-structured analysis of consumer needs and preferences.
  • A critical analysis on the potential gaps between the existing supply chain and the consumers' needs and preferences
  • Recommendations for interventions that could support improvement in market-based access to sanitation products and services to households.
The study also explores linkage with microfinance sector. A complete analysis on microfinance market to systematically investigate the availability of microfinance schemes and other source of funding such as village fund through BUMDes. This could be possibly linked with sanitation entrepreneur, building material retailers/wholesaler, masons and the community across the program locations. The specific objectives of this microfinance report are as follows:

  • A comprehensive analysis of the existing microfinance schemes or financial institutions in the program locations and their clients
  • Microcredits aiming to improve access to sanitation at household level and/or activity relate to waste management
  • Microcredits for small and medium enterprises for sanitation investments and/or activity relate to waste management
  • Microcredits for sanitation and/or activity relate to waste management improvement for low income communities
The research is expected to assist in design of interventions that strengthen market-based solutions for a variety of sanitation consumer needs, including the identification of pro-poor support mechanisms.

All document prepared should be in Indonesian, with report summary of two pages in English. For discussion/dissemination purpose, a presentation in PowerPoint should be prepared in English and Indonesian.

Sanitation Supply Chain as the tools for the Sanitation Project preferably using demand driven methodology. Overall, the Sanitation Supply Chain study will consist of three major types of research methodologies that in turn aim to provide a holistic supply chain analysis. It hopes to combine information from the market regarding market demand (beneficiaries' ideal product and product perception), existing sanitation supply chain products and services as well as the access to finance aspect. The study is a qualitative study that using data collection, such as in-depth interviews, small group discussions, focused group discussion (FGDs) and observations.

The consultant will be required to develop a research protocol, which details the methodology, hypothesis and tools to be employed at each stage of the research.

After receiving inputs from SNV on report draft, final versions of the study (the report and the data) should be delivered by early of November 2017. A tentative timeline and indicative level of effort are set out in the table below:


To be completed no later than

Week 1
Preparation & Submission of overall draft proposal & work plan

Week 2
Fieldwork plan completed, including sampling, identification and justification of field locations, questionnaires (focus groups, key informants and HH survey); logistical preparations for fieldwork made

Week 3
Fieldwork: Data Collection (FGD & KII)

Week 4
Data Analysis

Week 5-6
Preparation & Submission of draft study and Report

Week 7-8
Incorporation of SNV's feedback & Submission of Final Document

Week 9-10

The consultants are expected to deliver one report (West Sumatra) that meet the following conditions:

  • An executive summary (in English)
  • A methodological chapter describing the conceptual approach used, methods and tools, as well as steps taken in conducting the research, challenges and limitations of the findings
  • Strategic recommendations for addressing the constraints and opportunities identified based on market demand and supply chain assessment
  • In annex: research tools, field work logbook (listing number and location of FGDS and KII, and number of participants in FGDs and KII, distinguishing male/female) 
For discussion/dissemination purpose, a presentation in PowerPoint should be prepared in English and Indonesian. Consultant has to provide two reports (for SSC analysis and exploring linkage with microfinance or other sanitation funding resources such as BUMDes).

The consultants should constitute a multi-disciplinary research team that includes market/economics experts and professionals in the field of behavioral science, preferably has previous experience with sanitation issues is highly desirable. The consultants should have experience in leading and facilitating participatory formative research. The consultants must be fluent in Indonesian and able to write reports in English.

Duration of The Contract
Duration of the contract to be expected starting from 07 August 2017 through to 01 December 2017

The consultant will report to the Technical Project Officer Advocacy WASH and CSOs partner in project location, under the supervision of the V4C programme manager.

Application Process
SNV's General Terms and Conditions guide this TOR. The proposed experts for undertaking assignment cannot be changed during the study period without prior approval of SNV. The proposal should include:

  • A draft research protocol (of no more than 2 pages)
  • CV's of the propose team
  • A financial proposal
Applicants should send application to SNV Procurement (email: and Athina Triyananda (email: by July 26th 2017 with subject: "Sanitation Supply Chain".

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted

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